CERN - anglais
|The 2004 millésime of the Vigne des Nations was dedicated to the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN, the world's largest particle physics centre where physicists come to explore what matter is made of and what forces hold it together. |
CERN exists primarily to provide them with the necessary tools. These are accelerators, which accelerate particles to almost the speed of light and detectors to make the particles visible. Founded in 1954, the laboratory was one of Europe's first joint ventures and now includes 20 Member States.
Since its creation, CERN has made many important discoveries for which its scientists have received prestigious awards, including Nobel prizes. One of the most useful discoveries for daily life is the World Wide Web, which was developed to improve and speed-up information sharing between physicists working in different universities and institutes all over the world. Now, it has millions of academic and commercial users.
CERN works closely with industry in leading edge areas of technology, including information and communication technology, accelerator technology, applications in medicine, detection techniques, and materials science and vacuum technologies. It also plays a key role in the education and training of young scientists and engineers.
Some 6500 visiting scientists, half of the world's particle physicists, come to CERN for their research. They represent 500 universities and over 80 nationalities. These scientists form international collaborations, whose aim is to conceive, build and run experiments. The collaborations generally include hundreds of physicists, engineers and other kinds of experts. They jointly design and build highly complex equipment, operate it during the running life of their experiment, and work together on the results.
Understanding science and doing research is also very important for society. That is why one of the goals of every nation is to maintain the level of insight needed to understand and exploit new ideas and discoveries. This is the only way to create new industries, guarantee economic independence and maintain a good cultural and educational level. The State of Geneva is proud to offer its support to the international cooperation and knowledge-sharing embodied by CERN.