UNEP - anglais
|The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was awarded the millésime of the Vigne des Nations in 2001 to symbolize the State of Geneva’s support for its leadership and encouragement of partnerships in caring for the environment. UNEP’s mission is to inspire, inform and enable nations and peoples to care for and wisely use the Earth’s environment and natural resources, to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. |
Two environmental conventions administered by UNEP came into force in 2004. They were the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, both of which will contribute greatly to protecting human health and the environment.
UNEP administers numerous international agreements including several biodiversity related conventions. The Convention on Migratory Species celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2004, while the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora held conferences to strengthen initiatives to reverse the decline in biodiversity. Through such conventions, UNEP helps protect over 30,000 of the world's endangered species.
The decline in biodiversity is evident worldwide, and is just one of the symptoms of an environmental malaise that must be tackled if humanity is to secure a sustainable future. The evidence of climate change is beyond dispute, the productivity of land and sea is under increasing strain, and habitats everywhere are suffering under the pressure of pollution, over-use and careless management.
UNEP has many achievements to its credit, including the Global International Waters Assessment, which is expected to make a major contribution to policies and actions that will lead to the protection and more sustainable use of international waters. UNEP was the driving force behind the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. An estimated 1.5 million cases of melanoma skin cancer due to the sun's UV-B radiation will be averted by the year 2060 because of the Protocol.
In addition to being the leading force for the global sound management of hazardous chemicals, UNEP has a partnership with the International Olympic Committee (IOC), under which the environment now figures as the third pillar of Olympism, along with sport and culture in IOC's Charter. UNEP is also a driving force to engage private sector leaders in protecting the environment.